AI Causes Real Harm. Let’s Focus on That over the End-of-Humanity Hype

– Real-world harms caused by AI tools currently on the market include wrongful arrests, surveillance expansion, defamation, and deep-fake pornography.

– Rather than the hyped notion of AI causing humanity's end, the actual threat lies in discrimination, hate speech, misinformation, and other societal issues.

– AI technology is enabling discrimination in areas like housing, criminal justice, and healthcare, and is facilitating the spread of hate speech and misinformation in non-English languages.

– Algorithmic management programs are contributing to wage theft and becoming moreprevalent.

– The nonprofit Center for AI safety issued a statement on AI extinction risks, likening it to nuclear war and pandemics, which is questioned by the authors.

– Corporate AI labs use fear-mongering terminology and pseudoscientific research to divert attention from real AI harms to imaginary existential risks.

– Scholars and activists who practice peer review are better equipped to address the immediate negative effects of AI.

– The term "AI" is ambiguous, referring to computer science subfields, computing techniques, and marketing buzzwords.

– Large language models like ChatGPT generate coherent text but lack understanding and reasoning capabilities.